Dont Get Confused With Internet JargonInternet Jargon

Accessibility:

Refers to a web page or web site that people interacting with different kinds of disabilities, the difficulty they can experience due to physical and or technological barriers. A web page or site that addresses these user limitations is said to be accessibly friendly.

Applet:

An applet is a small program designed to run within another application. Java is one of the major languages used for creating Web-based applets.

ASP (Active Server Pages):

Microsoft technology similar to CGI that is used to create dynamic content for a web page. Pages using ASP are created with programming scripts (e.g. JavaScript) and integrated with the HTML of a page. It is a server side scripting language and is mostly used on Windows platforms.

Bandwidth:

Bandwidth is the amount of data that can be transferred over the network in a fixed amount of time. On the Internet, it is usually expressed in bits per second. A hosting server will allocate your site a fixed amount of bandwidth usage within a regular period of time.

Browser:

Often called a Web browser, it is simply a software application used to interpret HTML commands and display page content. The two most popular browsers are Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator.

Content:

A word you'll likely see around a lot is "web content" and by definition, content is the 'stuff' that makes up a web site. This could be words, pictures, images or sounds. In essence however, when we talk about web content, we are essentially referring to content in a textual nature. Content therefore is the 'information' in text form a web site provides.

CGI (Common Gateway Interface):

A way of connecting your web pages to other programs that are running on the server which visitors wouldn't normally have access to. Most corporate web sites on the Internet today make use of CGI programs or scripts to allow their visitors to browse online catalogues or keep track of their orders in real time.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets):

A simple mechanism for adding style (e.g. fonts, colors, spacing) to Web documents. Not all browsers (of specific versions) implement the full specification of CSS.

Directory:

A database edited manually by humans. Sites are indexed by category making this feature the main difference to a Search Engine. Users can navigate through the categories to locate documents or information. Most directories offer searching options (which is similar to searching from a Search Engine) within its database.

DNS (Domain Name System (Service):

An Internet system/service that translates domain names into IP addresses. Domain names are alphabetic so they're easier to remember. The Internet however, is really based on IP addresses. Every time you use a domain name, therefore, a DNS service must translate the name into the corresponding IP address.

Domain Name:

A unique name that identifies one or more IP address. Domain names are used in URLs' to identify particular Web sites. Every web site is located by its unique IP address.

Frames:

An HTML technique for combining two or more separate HTML documents within a single web browser screen. A web site using frames often causes great problems for search engines, and may not be spidered and indexed correctly.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol):

One of the common methods of transferring files over the Internet. A typical method used for uploading files (pages) to a hosting server for viewing on the Internet.

Hits:

Are the individual requests a server answers in order to render a single web page completely. The page documents itself and the various images on the page represent a separate hit.

Home Page:

It is a first page (also referred as an opening page, start page or main page) of a web site. This would technically be your index page or default page of your directory.

Hosting:

Usually refers to a computer (or a network of servers) that stores the files of a web site which has web server software running on it, connected to the Internet. Your site is then said to be hosted.

HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language):

HTML is a basic markup language derived from the Standardized General Markup Language (SGML), providing the means for creating simple hypertext documents, intended for publishing on the World Wide Web.

Image Map:

An image that has several links geographically mapped onto it.

Interactive:

A Web page is interactive when it prompts a response from the user or in some way can interact with the user dynamically (e.g. filling out a form or a poll etc).

Internet:

A global network connecting millions of computers. Each Internet computer, called a host, is independent. The Internet is not synonymous with World Wide Web. The Internet and the web are two related but separate things.

IP (Internet Protocol):

The method or protocol by which data is sent from one computer to another on the Internet. Each computer (known as a host) on the Internet has at least one IP address that uniquely identifies it from all other computers on the Internet.

JavaScript:

JavaScript is an object-based, client side scripting language developed by Netscape. Embedded in the head section of a web document, it can produce interactivity to a web page dynamically.

Link (Hyperlink):

An element in an electronic document that links to another place in the same document or to an entirely different document. Typically, you click on the hyperlink to follow the link. Hyperlinks are the most essential ingredient of all hypertext systems, including the World Wide Web.

Meta Tag:

A special HTML tag that provides information about a web page. Unlike normal HTML tags, Meta tags do not affect how the page is displayed.

Mouseover:

A Java Script element that triggers a change on an item (typically a graphic change, such as making an image or hyperlink appear) in a web page when the mouse pointer passes over it.

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